By A.J. Larner
While so much textbooks of neurology method the topic from both a symptomatic or a diagnostic viewpoint, this dictionary specializes in a number of the neurological indicators that may be elicited via history-taking and actual exam. greater than six hundred based and cross-referenced definitions are supplemented, the place applicable, with the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological foundation of every one signal. consequently the semiological worth of symptoms is elucidated in a method which makes an attempt to combine scientific phenomenology with underlying neurobiology, therefore guiding anatomical and pathological analysis and applicable therapy. This ebook could be of curiosity to all scholars of neurology, undergraduate and postgraduate, in addition to more matured clinicians, together with basic physicians and normal practitioners, and participants of ancillary professions who take care of sufferers with neurological disorder.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Neurological Signs: Clinical Neurosemiology
Blepharospasm is usually idiopathic but may be associated with lesions (usually infarction) of the rostral brainstem, diencephalon, and striatum; it has been occasionally reported with thalamic lesions. The pathophysiological mechanism(s) underlying blepharospasm are not understood, but it may reflect dopaminergic pathway disruption causing disinhibition of brainstem reflexes.
Marin RS. Differential diagnosis and classification of apathy. American Journal of Psychiatry 1990; 147: 22-30 Mega MS, Cummings JL, Fiorello T, Gornbein J. The spectrum of behavioral changes in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology 1996; 46: 130-5. Starkstein SE, Fedorof JP, Price TR, Leiguarda R, Robinson RG. Apathy following cerebrovascular lesions. Stroke 1993; 24: 1625-30 [Cross References: ABULIA; AKINETIC MUTISM; DEMENTIA; FRONTAL LOBE SYNDROMES] Aphasia Aphasia, or dysphasia, is an acquired loss or impairment of language (as opposed to speech) function.
Beevor’s Sign Beevor’s sign is an upward movement of the umbilicus in a supine patient attempting to flex the head onto the chest against resistance (the examiner’s hand). It indicates a lesion involving lower abdominal muscles but sparing the upper ones. g. facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy). Tashiro K. Charles Edward Beevor (1854-1908) and Beevor's sign. ). A short history of neurology: the British contribution 1660-1910. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann 1999: 222-5 [Cross References: ABDOMINAL REFLEXES] Belle Indifférence La belle indifférence refers to the seeming lack of concern in the presence of serious symptoms in an hysterical patient, who may show exaggerated emotional reactions in other ways.
A Dictionary of Neurological Signs: Clinical Neurosemiology by A.J. Larner