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Download e-book for iPad: A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a ancient exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles providing the key philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this e-book, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised through philosophers and scientists in regards to the right evaluate of technological know-how.

This new version accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over clinical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative procedure, this paintings is the suitable introductory quantity.

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Extra resources for A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

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H. Shapiro (New York: The Modern Library, ), –. 21 J. R. Weinberg, Nicolaus of Autrecourt (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ), . 22 Ibid. –. 6 The Debate over Saving the Appearances Osiander on Mathematical Models and Physical Truth 40 Copernicus’s Pythagorean Commitment 40 Bellarmine v. Galileo 41 Kepler’s Pythagorean Commitment 41 Bode’s Law 44 Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) received a sinecure as canon at Frauenburg through the efforts of his influential uncle, the Bishop of Ermland.

2 Ibid. –. 1 4 Atomism and the Concept of Underlying Mechanism As noted above, some followers of Plato construed the world to be an imperfect reflection of an underlying reality. A more radical discontinuity was suggested by the atomists Democritus and Leucippus. For the atomists, the relation between appearance and reality was not the relation between an original and an imperfect copy. Rather, they believed that objects and relations in the “real world” were different in kind from the world we know by means of the senses.

J. Leverrier independently calculated the position of this new planet. One ingredient in their calculations was the assumption that the mean distance of the new planet would be given by the next term in Bode’s Law (). The planet Neptune was discovered by Galle in the region predicted by Leverrier. * With the inclusion of Neptune, Bode’s Law no longer satisfied the criterion of successful fit. Hence one may be a Pythagorean today without being impressed by Bode’s Law. On the other hand, since Pluto’s distance is very close to the Bode’s Law value for the next planet beyond Uranus, a person with a Pythagorean bent might be tempted to explain away the anomalous case of Neptune by insisting that Neptune is a lately captured acquisition of the solar system, and not one of the original planets at all.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

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