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Download e-book for iPad: A to Z of Physicists. Notable Scientists [biographies] by Darryl J. Leiter

By Darryl J. Leiter

ISBN-10: 0816047987

ISBN-13: 9780816047987

One other very important survey within the amazing Scientists sequence, A to Z of Physicists focuses not just at the lives and personalities of these profiled, but in addition on their examine and contributions to the sector. a desirable and significant component to this quantity is the eye paid to the stumbling blocks that ladies and minority physicists have triumph over to arrive their own targets. via incidents, quotations, and pictures, the entries painting whatever of the human face that's usually misplaced in books on technology and scientists. A to Z of Physicists gains a hundred and fifty entries and 50 black-and-white photos. Culturally inclusive and spanning the full variety of physicists from precedent days to the current day, this can be a great source for college students and common readers attracted to the heritage of physics or the numerous elements of the non-public lives of significant physicists.

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Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Lord 31 ᨳ Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Lord (1897–1974) British Experimentalist, Atomic Physicist, Particle Physicist Patrick Blackett made the first photograph of an atomic transmutation and in the early 1920s developed the cloud chamber, invented in 1911 by CHARLES THOMSON REES WILSON, into an invaluable instrument for studying nuclear reactions. These achievements garnered him the 1948 Nobel Prize in physics. His discovery of the phenomenon of pair production of positrons and electrons in cosmic rays provided the first evidence of ALBERT EINSTEIN’s theory that mass and energy are equivalent.

After spending the 1930–1931 academic year with Heisenberg at Leipzig, he wrote a major paper on ferromagnetism, in which he developed the concept that came to be called Bloch walls. Earlier researchers had done experiments on the process of magnetization in ferromagnets, including the phenomenon of magnetic domain structure, that is, localized magnetic regions in a metallic material. Understanding this process required understanding the boundary wall between domains and the manner in which it moved.

For this achievement he shared the 1903 Nobel Prize with Pierre Curie and MARIE CURIE, who further investigated Becquerel’s discovery. He was born in Paris on December 15, 1852, into a family of physicists: Antoine César, his grandfather, had made important contributions in electrochemistry; Alexander Edmond, his father, was a professor of applied physics who had devoted his career to the study of luminescence. The young Becquerel was trained as an engineer at the École Polytechnique and École des Ponts et Chaussées and, in 1875, began doing research into the behavior of polarized light in crystals.

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A to Z of Physicists. Notable Scientists [biographies] by Darryl J. Leiter

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